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References for this Website

Carpal Tunnel

*Agee, John M., et al.  "Endoscopic release of the carpal tunnel: a randomized prospective multicenter study." (Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 17A, No. 6, November 1992, pp. 987-995).

Agee M.D., John M.  Personal communication. "I don't know." (referring to the percent of patients going on to voc. rehab.) September 1996.

Brown M.D., Michael G., Hand Surgery Center of Texas.  Personal communication.  September 1996.

*Brown, Michael G., M.D., et al.  "Results of 1236 endoscopic carpal tunnel release procedures using the Brown technique." (Contemporary Orthopaedics, Vol. 27, No. 3, September 1993).

Chow, James, M.D.  "Endoscopic release of the carpal ligament for carpal tunnel syndrome:   a 22 month clinical result." (Arthroscopy, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1990, pp. 288-296).

* Erdman, M.W.H., et al.  "Endoscopic carpal tunnel decompression." (Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 19B, 1994, pp. 5-13.0

McCarrol Jr. M.D., H. Relton.  Personal communication.  September 1996.

Mirza, M.Ather, et al.  "Palmar uniportal extrabursal endoscopic carpal tunnel release." (Arthroscopy, Vol. 11, No. 1, 1995, pp. 80-90.)

Nagle, Daniel, et al.  "Prospective review of 278 endoscopic carpal tunnel releases using the modified Chow technique." (Arthroscopy, Vol. 10, No. 3, 1994, pp. 259-265.)

*Nathan, Peter A., et al. "Rehabilitation of carpal tunnel surgery patients using a short surgical incision and an early program of physical therapy." (Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 18A, No. 6, November 1993, pp. 1044-1050.)

*Palmar David H., et al.  "Endoscopic carpal tunnel release: a comparison of two techniques with open release." (Arthroscopy, Vol. 9, No. 5, 1993, pp. 498-508.)

Resnick, Charles T., Miller, Brent W.  "Endoscopic carpal tunnel release using the subligamentous two portal technique." (Contemporary Orthopaedics, Vol. 22, No. 3, March 1991, pp. 269-277.)

Tortosa, Richard D., Wilkins, Victoria.  "Outcome study of employed patients treated with carpal tunnel surgery." (Presented at the American Association for Surgery of the Hand Meeting in Cincinnati, October 29, 1994.)

* Recommended reading

This is a small portion of the references for our carpal tunnel and ECTR information. If you would like additional information, please contact us toll free at 1-800-433-9147.

Cubital Tunnel

Amadio P:  “Anatomical basis for a technique of ulnar nerve transposition.” Surg Rad. Anatomy 1986;155-161.

Apfelberg DB, Larson SJ:  “Dynamic anatomy of the ulnar nerve at the elbow.” Plastic & Reconstructive Surg. 1973;51: 1:76-81.

Biggs M, Curtis JA: “Randomized, prospective study comparing ulnar neurolysis in situ with submuscular transposition.” Neurosurgery 2006;58:2:296-303.

Blacker GJ, Lister GD, Kleinert HE:  “The abducted little finger in low ulnar nerve palsy.” J Hand Surg 1976;1:3:190-196.

Chung KC:  “Treatment of ulnar nerve compression at the elbow.: J Hand Surg 2008;33A:1625-1627.

Craven P, Green D:  “Cubital tunnel syndrome:  treatment by medial epicondylectomy.” J Bone & Joint Surg 1980;62A:6:980.

Dellon AL, Hament W, Gittelshon A:  “Nonoperatvie management of cubital tunnel syndrome: an 8 year prospective study.” Neurology 1993;43:1673-1677.

Dellon AL: “Extensor digiti minimi tendon transfer to correct abducted small finger in ulnar dysfunction.” J Hand Surg 1991;16:5:819-823.

Dimond M, Lister G: “Cubital tunnel syndrome treated by long-arm splintage.” J Hand Surg 1985;10A,430.

Eisen A, Danon J:  “The mild cubital tunnel syndrome.” Neurology 1974;24:608-613.

Froimson A, Zahrawi F:  “Treatment of neuropathy of the ulnar nerve at the elbow by epicondylectomy and neurolysis.”  J Hand Surg  1980;5:391-395.

Gabel G, Morrey B:  “Operative treatment of medial epicondylitis.”   J Bone & Joint Surg 1995;77A:7:1065.

Gervasio O, Gambardella G, el al “Simple decompression versus anterior submuscular transposition of the ulnar nerve in severe cubital tunnel syndrome: A prospective randomized study.” Neurosurgery 2005; 56:1:108-117.

Geutjens GG, Langstaff RJ, Smith NJ, Jefferson D, Howell, CJ, Baron  NJ:  “Medial epicondylectomy or ulnar nerve transposition for ulnar neuropathy at the elbow?” J Bone & Joint Surg 1996;78B:6:777.

Hamlin C, Littler W:  “Restoration of power pinch.” J Hand Surg 1979;396.

Hastings H II, McCollam SM: “Flexor digitorum superficialis lasso tendon transfer in isolated ulnar nerve palsy:  a functional evaluation.” J Hand Surg 1994;19A:275-280.

Jones R, Gauntt C:  “Medial epicondylectomy for ulnar nerve compression syndrome at the elbow.” Clinical Ortho  1979;139:174-178.

Kleinmann WB, Bishop AT: “Anterior intramuscular transposition of the ulnar nerve.” J Hand Surg 14A:972-979.

Macnicol MF:  “The results of operation for ulnar neuritis.” J Bone & Joint Surg 1979;61B:2:159.

Mansukhani, KA, D’SOuza CD:  “Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow in diamond assorters.” Indian J Medical Research 1991;B94:443-436,

Mowlavi A, et al. “The management of cubital tunnel syndrome:  A meta-analysis of clinical studies.” Plastic & Reconstructive Surg 2000; 106:2:327-334.

Nabhan A, Ahlehelm F, Reith W, Schwerdtfeger K, Steudel WI: 'Simple decompression or subcutaneous anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve for cubital tunnel syndrome.” J Hand Surg 2005;30B:521-524.

Seror P:  “Treatment of ulnar nerve palsy at the elbow with night splint.” J Bone & Joint Surg 1993;75B:2:322-327.

Tomaino M, Brach P, Vansickle D:  “The rationale for an efficacy of surgical intervention for electrodiagnostic-negative cubital tunnel syndrome.” J Hand Surg  2001;26:1077-1081.

Werner C, Ohlin P, Elmqvist D:  “Pressures recorded in ulnar neuropathy.”  Acta Orthopaedics Scandinavica  1985;56:404.

Voche P, Merle M: “Wartenberg’s sign: a new method of surgical correction.” J Hand Surg Brit 1995;20B:1:49-52


Barnes WE, Larson RD, Posch JL:  Review of ganglia of the hand and wrist with analysis of surgical treatment.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 1964;34:570-574.

Boyes JH.  Surgery of the Hand.  Philadelphia:  Lippicott JB.  1970;5:669

Eaton RG, Dobranski AI, Littler JW:  Marginal osteophyte excision in treatment of mucous cysts.  J Bone Joint Surg Am 1973;55:570-574.

Flynn JE.  Hand Surgery.  Baltimore.  Williams and Wilkins.  1982:898-902.

Gingrass MK, Brown RE, Zook EG:  Treatment of fingernail deformities secondary to ganglions of the distal interphalangeal joint.  J Hand Surg [Am] 1995;20:502-505.

Gunther SF:  Dorsal wrist pain and the occult scapholunate ganglion.  J Hand Surg [Am] 1985;10:697-703.

Kleinert HE, Kutz JE, Fishman JH, McCraw LH:  Etiology and treatment of the so-called mucous cyst of the finger.  J Bone Joint Surg 1972;54A:1455-8.

McEvedy BV:  The simple ganglion:  a review of modes of treatment and an explanation of the frequent failures of surgery.  Lancet I 1956:135-136.

Nelson CL, Sawmiller S, Phalen GS.  Ganglia of the wrist and hand.  J Bone Joint Surg 1972;54A:1459-1464.

Richman JA, Gelberman RH, Engber WD, Salamon PB, Bean DJ:  Ganglions of the wrist and digits:  Results of treatment by aspiration and cyst wall puncture.  J Hand Surg [Am]1987;12:1041-1043.

Rizzo M, Beckenbaugh R:  Treatment of mucous cysts of the fingers:  Review of 134 cases with minimum 2-year follow-up evaluation.  J Hand Surg 2003;28,3:519-524.

Soren A.  Archives of Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery 1982;99,4:247-252

Soren A:  Pathogenesis and treatment of ganglion.  Clinical Orthopaedics 1963;48:173 179.

Watson, HK:  Re-evaluation of the cause of the wrist ganglion.  J Hand Surg 1989;14A,5:812- 817.

Young L, Bartell T, Logan SE:  Ganglia of the hand and wrist.  Southern Medical J 1988;81.6:751-760.

Zubowicz VN, Ishii CH:  Management of ganglion cysts of the hand by simple aspiration.  J Hand Surg [Am] 1987;12:618-620. 

Knee-Meniscal Injury

Warren, RF:  Meniscotomy and Repair in the Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Deficient Patient.  The Sports Med Shoulder Serv 1990;252: 55-63.

Cannon WD, Morgan CD:  Meniscal Repair. J Bone Joint Surg 1994; 76-A, No. 2:294-311.

Belzer JP, Cannon WD Jr.:  Meniscus Tears:  Treatment in the Stable and Unstable Knee.  J of Am Academy Ortho Surg 1993;1, No.1:41-47.

Aglietti P, Zaccherotti G, De Biase P, Taddei I:  A Comparison Between Medial Meniscus Repair, Partial Meniscotomy, and Normal Meniscus in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstructed Knees. Clinical Ortho Related Research 1994;307:165-173.

Weiss CB, Lundberg M, Hamberg P, DeHaven KE, Gillquist J:  Non-Operative Treatment of Meniscus Tears. J of Bone Joint Surg 1989;71, No.6:811-822.

Lanzer WL, Komenda G:  Changes in Articular Cariloage After Meniscectomy.  Clinical Ortho Related Research 1990;252:41-48.

Bonamo JJ, Kessler KJ, Noah J:  Arthroscopic Meniscectomy in Patients Over the Age of 40.  J of Sports Med [AM] 1992;20, No. 4:422-428.

Verdonk PCM, DeMurie A, Almqvist KF, Veys EM, Verbruggen G, Verdonk R:  Transplantation of Viable Meniscal Allograft.  J Bone Joint Surg 2005;87-A:715-724.

Fabricant PD, Jokl P:  Surgical Outcomes after Arthroscopic Partial Meniscectomy.  J Am Academy Ortho Surg 2007;15, No.11:647-653.

Rodkey WG, DeHaven KE, Montgomery WH III, Baker CL Jr, Beck CL Jr, Hormel SE, Steadman JR, Cole BJ, Briggs KK:  Comparison of the Collagen Meniscus Implant with Partial Meniscectomy.  J Bone Joint Surg 2008;90-A, No. 7:1413-1426.

Knee-Unicompartmental Knee Replacement

Alshryda, S, et al. “Instructional Review: Knee tranexamic acid in total knee replacements: A systematic review in meta-analysis.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (BR) 2011; 93-b: 1577-85.

Alshryda, S, et al. “Topical (intra-articular) tranexamic acid reduces blood loss in transfusion rates following total knee replacement.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (AM) 2013; 95A: 1961-8.

Amin, AK, Patton, JT, Cook, RE, Gaston, M, and Brenkel, IJ. “Unicompartmental or total knee arthroplasty? Results from a match study.” Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research October 2006; No. 451: 101-106.

Argenson, J-N, Blanc, G, Jean-Manuel, A, and Parratte, Sebastien. “Modern unicompartmental knee arthroplasty with cement: A concise follow up, at a mean of 20 years, of a previous report.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (AM) 2013; 95: 905-9.

Argenson, J-N, Chevrol-Benkeddache, Y, and Aubaniac, J-M. “Modern uni­compartmental knee arthroplasty with cement: A 3-10 years follow-up study.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, December 2002; Vol. 84a; No. 12: 2235-2239.

Argenson, J-N, Parratte, S, Bertani, A, Flecher, X, and Aubaniac, J-M. “Long-term results with lateral unicondylar knee replacement.” Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research November 2008; Vol. 466; No. 1: 2686-2693.

Beard, DJ, Pandit, H, Gill, HS, Hollinghurst, D, Dodd, CA, Murray, DW. “The influence of the presence and severity of preexisting patellofemoral degenerative changes on the outcome of the Oxford medial unicompartmental knee replacement.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (BR) December 2007; 89 (12): 1597-1601.

Bedair, H, Cha, TD, Hansen, Viktor. “Economic benefit to society at large of total knee arthroplasty in younger patients.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (AM) 2014; 96: 119-126.

Belmont, PJ, Jr., Goodman, GP, Waterman, BR, Bader, JO, and Schoenfeld, AJ. “Thirty day postoperative complications and mortality following total knee arthroplasty: Incidents and risk factors among a national sample of 15,321 patients.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (AM) 2014; 96: 20-6.

Berend, KR, Lombardi, AV, Jr., and Adams, JB. “Obesity, young age, patel­lofemoral disease, and anterior knee pain: Identifying the unicondylar arthroplasty patient in the United States.” Orthopaedics; Vol. 30; No. 5 supplement: 19-23.

Berend, KR, Lombardi, AV, Jr., Mallory, TH. “Rapid recovery protocol for perioperative care of total hip and total knee arthroplasty patients.” Surgical Technology International XIII. Pages 1-9.

Bini, S, Khatod, M, Cafri, G, Chen, Y, and Paxton, EW. “Surgeon, implant, and patient variables may explain variability in early revision rates reported for uni­compartmental arthroplasty.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (AM) 2013; 95: 2195-2202.

Bistolfi, A, Massazza, G, Gwo-Chin, L, Deledda, D, Berchialla, P, and Crova, M. “A comparison of fixed and mobile-bearing total knee arthroplasty at a mean follow up of 116 months.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery(AM) 2013; 95: e83 (1-7).

Biswals, Brighton, RW. “Results of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty with cemented, fixed-bearing prosthesis using minimally invasive surgery.” Journal of Arthroplasty 2010; 25 (5): 721-727.

Cartier, P, Khefacha, A, Sanquiller, J-L, and Frederick, K. “Unicondylar knee arthroplasty in middle-aged patients: A minimum 5-year follow up.” Orthopaedics August 2007; Vol. 30; No. 8 supplement: page 62-65.

Carr, A, et al. “Medial unicompartmental arthroplasty survival study of the Oxford meniscal knee.” Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research October 1993; Vol. 295: 205-213.

Clark, M, Campbell, DG, Kiss, G, et a. “Reintervention after mobile-bearing Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty.” Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research 2010; 468: 576-580.

Collier, MB, Engh, CA, Jr., Engh, GA. “Shelf age of polyethylene tibial com­ponent and outcome of unicondylar knee arthroplasty.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery April 2004; Vol. 86a; No. 4: 763-769.

Confalonieri, N., Manzotti, A., Pullen, C. “Comparison of a mobile with a fixed tibial-bearing unicompartmental knee prosthesis: A prospective randomized trial using a dedicated outcome score.” Knee 2004; 11: 357-362.

Cooper, C, et al. “Risk factors for the incidence and progression of radio­graphic knee osteoarthritis.” Arthritis & Rheumatism May 2000; Vol. 43; No. 5; 995-1000.

Curtin, B, Malkani, A, Lau, E, Kurtz, S, and Ong, K. “Revision after total knee arthroplasty and unicompartmental knee arthroplasty in the Medicare popula­tion.” The Journal of Arthroplasty 2002; Vol. 27; No. 8: 1480-1486.

Cushner, FD, Friedman, RJ. “Blood loss in total knee arthroplasty.” Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research August 1999; No. 269: pages 98-101.

Dalury, DL, Fisher, DA, Adams, MJ, Gonzales, RA. “Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty compares favorably to total knee arthroplasty in the same patient.” Journal of Orthopaedics April 2009: Vol. 32, Issue 4.

Gaurav, K, and Levy, EA. “Oxford unicompartmental knee replacement: Literature review.” Orthopaedics May 2007; Vol. 30; No. 5 supp: 11-14.

Goodfellow, JW, and O’Connor, J. “Clinical results of the Oxford knee surface arthroplasty of the tibial femoral joint with a meniscal-bearing prosthesis.” Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research April 1986; Vol. 205: 21-42.

Goodfellow, JW, Kershaw, CJ, Benson, M.K.D’A, and O’Connor, JJ. “The Oxford knee for unicompartmental osteoarthritis: The first 103 cases.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (BR) 1998; 70-b; 692-701.

Goodfellow, JW, Murray, DW, O’Connor, JJ. “The Oxford medial unicom­partmental arthroplasty. A 10-year survival study.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (BR) November 1998; 80-b: 983-989.

Gulati, A, et al. “The incidence of physiological radiolucency following Oxford unicompartmental knee replacements in relationship to outcome.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (BR) 2009; 91-b: 896-902.

Hasson, Matt. “Oxford UKA reliable for 20 years.” Orthopaedics Today April 2006; Vol. 26; No. 4.

Heck, DA, Marmor, L, Gibson, A, and Rougraff, BT. “Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty: A multi-center investigation with long-term follow-up evaluation.” Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research January 1993; No. 286: 154-159.

Hernigou, Pa; Deschamps, G. “Alignment influences wear in knee after medial unicompartmental arthroplasty.” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research June 2004, No. 423: 161-165.

Heyse, TJ, and Tibesku, CO. “Lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty: A review.” Archives of Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery 2010; 130; 1539-1548.

Hurst, JM, Berend, KR, Morris, MJ, Lombardi, AV, Jr. “Abnormal preopera­tive MRI does not correlate with failure of UKA.” Journal of Arthroplasty 2013; 28-suppl. 2: 184-186.

Jansen, HA, Claeys, M, Haese, JD, Camu, F, and Jochmans, K. “Use of tranexamic acid for an effective blood conservation strategy after total knee arthro­plasty.” British Journal of Anesthesia 1999; 83(4): 596-601.

Juelsgaard, P, Larsen, UT, Sorensen, JV, Madsen, F, and Soballe, K. “Hypotensive epidural anesthesia in total knee replacement without tourniquet: Reduced blood loss and transfusion.” Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine March-April 2001; Vol. 26; No. 2: pages 105-110.

Kapadia, BA, Johnson, AJ, Issa, K, and Mont, MA. “Economic evaluation of chlorhexidine cloths and healthcare costs due to surgical site infections following total knee arthroplasty.” Journal of Arthroplasty 2013; Vol. 28: 1061-1065.

Keblish, PA, Varma, AK, and Greenwalt, AS. “Patellar resurfacing or reten­tion total knee arthroplasty: A prospective study of patients with bilateral replace­ment.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (BR) 1994; 76-b.

Koskinen, E, Paavolainen, P, Eskelinen, A, Pulkkinen, P, and Remes, V. “Unicondylar knee replacement for primary osteoarthritis: A prospective follow-up study of 1,819 patients from the Finnish Arthroplasty Register.” Acta Orthoapedic (Scandinavia) 2007; 78 (1): 128-135.

Kov, et al.. “One-to-one therapy is not superior to group or home-based therapy after total knee arthroplasty.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (AM) 2013; 95: 1942-9.

Labraca, NS, et al. “Starting rehabilitation within 24 hours after a total knee arthroplasty was better than delaying to within 48 to 72 hours.” Clinical Rehabilitation June 2011; 25 (6): 557-66, epub 2011 March 7.

Laurencin, CT, Zelicof, SB, Scott, RD, and Ewald, FC. “Unicompartmental vs. total knee arthroplasty in the same patient: A comparative study.” Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research December 1991; No. 273; pages 151-156.

Lewold, S, Robertsson, O, Knutson, K, Lidgren, L. “Revision of unicompart­mental knee arthroplasty: Outcome of 1,135 cases from the Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Study.” Acta Orthopaedica (Scandinavia) 1998; 69 (5): 469-474.

Li, MG, You, F, Joss, B, Ioppolo, J, Nivbrant, B, and Wood, D. “Mobile vs. fixed-spring intercondylar knee arthroplasty: A randomized study on short-term clinical outcomes in knee kinematics.” The Knee 2006; Vol. 13: 365-370.

Lombardi, AV, Jr., Berend, KR, Adams, J. “Obesity, young age, patellofemoral disease and anterior knee pain: Identifying the unicondylar arthroplasty patient in the United States.” Orthopaedics May 2007; Vol. 30; #5 supp: 19-23.

Lombardi, AV, Jr., Berend, KR, Walter, CA, Aziz-Jacobo, J, and Cheney, NA. “Is recovery faster from a mobile-bearing unicompartmental than total knee arthroplasty?” Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research, June 2009; Vol. 467: 1450-1457.

Lombardi, AV, Jr., Berend, KR, Tucker, TL. “The incidence and prevention of symptomatic thromboembolic disease following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. A review of patients who underwent minimally invasive compartmental knee arthroplasty.” Orthopaedic 2007; Vol. 30; No. 5 supp: 46-48.

Lombardi, AV, Jr., Mallory, TH, Adams, JB, Groseth, KL. “Early failure of minimally invasive unicompartmental knee arthroplasty associated with obesity.” Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research November 2005; 440: 60-66.

Lombardi, AV, Jr., Viacava, AJ, and Berend, KR. “Rapid recovery protocols and minimally invasive surgery help achieve high knee flexion.” Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research November 2006; No. 452: 117-122.

Morgan, M, Brooks, S, Nelson, RA. “Total knee arthroplasty in young, active patients using a highly congruent, fully immobile prosthesis.” The Journal of Arthroplasty June 2007; Vol. 22; No. 4: pages 525-530.

Morris, MJ, Lombardi, AV, Jr., Berend, KR, Hurst, JN, Adams, JB. “Clinical results of patellofemoral arthroplasty.” The Journal of Arthroplasty 2013; 28, supplement 2: 199-201.

Murray, DW, Goodfellow, JW, and O’Connor, JJ. “The Oxford medial unicompartmental arthroplasty 10-year survival study.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (BR) 1998; 80-b: 983-989.

Nam, D, Khamaisys, and Pearle, AD. “Five points on unicompartmental knee arthroplasty.” American Journal of Orthopaedics October 2013: page 447-450.

Newman, JA, Akroyd, CE, Shah, NA. “Unicompartmental or total knee replacement? Five years results of a prospective, randomized trial of 102 osteoarthritic knees with unicompartmental arthritis.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (BR) 1998; 80-b: 862-5.

O’Connor, JJ, and Goodfellow, JW. “Theory and practice of meniscal knee replacement: Designing against wear.” Proc Instn Mech Engrs 1996; Vol. 210: 217-222.

Pandit, H, Bear, DJ, Jenkins, C, Kimstra, Y, Thomas, NP, Dodd, C.A.F., Murray, DW. “Combined anterior cruciate reconstruction and Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (BR) 2006; 88-b: 887-92.

Parratte, S, Argenson, J.-N. A., Pierce, O, Pauly, V, Auquier, P, Aubaniac, J.-M. “Medical unicompartmental knee replacement in the under-50’s.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (BR) March 2009; 91-b; No. 3: pages 351-356.

Parvizi, J, Chaudhry, S, Rasouli, MR, Pulido, L, Joshi, A, Herman, JH, and Rothman, RH. “Who needs autologous blood donation in joint replacement?” J Knee Surg 2011; 24: 25-32.

Pennington, DW, Swienckowski, JJ, Lutes, WB, and Drake, GN. “Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty in patients 60 years of age or younger.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (AM) October 2013; 85-a: No. 10: 1968-1973.

Pollock, Peter from the Knee Society/American Association of Hip & Knee Surgeons 2013 Specialty Day. “PFA: Has it improved?” AAOS Now June 2013: 8.

Pollock, Peter from the Knee Society/American Association of Hip & Knee Surgeons 2013 Specialty Day. “Lateral or medial UK- which is better? Similar data sets off opportunity for rough comparison.” AAOS Now June 2013: 9.

Price, AJ, O’Connor, JJ, Murray, DW, Dodd, CA, Goodfellow, JW. “A history of Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty.” Orthopaedics May 2007; 30: 5 (supp): 7-10.

Price, AJ, Short, A, Kellet, C, Beard, D, Gill, H, Pandit, H, Dodd, CA, and Murray, DW. “A 10-year in vivo wear regimen of a fully congruent, mobile-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (BR) November 2005; 87 (11): 1493-7.

Psychoyos, V, Crawford, RW, O’Connor, JJ, and Murray, DW. “Wear on congruent meniscal bearings in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty: A retrieval study of 16 specimens.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (BR) 1998; 80-b: 876-82.

Rees, JL, Price, AJ, Lynskey, TG, Svard, UCG, Dodd, C.A.F., and Murray DW. “Medial unicompartmental arthroplasty after failed high tibial osteotomy.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (BR) 2001; 83-b: 1034-6.

Schat, KR, Evans, R, Newman, JA. “How much blood is really lost in total knee arthroplasty? Correct blood loss management should take hidden loss into account.” The Knee 2000; Vol. 7: 151-155.

Small, SR, Berend, ME, Ritter, MA, and Buckley, CA. “Bearing mobility affects tibial strain in mobile-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty.” Surgical Technology International XIX: 185-190.

Squire, MW, Callaghan, JJ, Goetz, DD, Sullivan, PM, and Johnston, RC. “Unicompartmental knee replacement: A minimum 15-year follow-up study.” Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research October 1999; No. 367: 31-72.

Stanton, T. “Study: Barb sutures show advantages in TKA; a multi-center randomized trial demonstrates shorter closure time, lower costs.” AAOS Now 2014 from the American Association of Hip & Knee Surgeons 2013 annual meeting.

Svard, UCG, and Price, HA. “Oxford medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty survival analysis of an independent series.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (BR) 2001; 83-b: 191-194.

Weale, AE, Murray, DW, Crawford, R, Psychoyios, V, Bonomo, A, Howell, G, O’Connor, J, and Goodfellow, J.W. “Does arthritis progress in retained compartments after “Oxford” medial unicompartmental arthroplasty? A clinical and radiological study with a minimum 10-year follow up.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (BR) 1999; 81-b: 783-9.

White, SH, Ludkowski, PF, Goodfellow, JW. “Anteromedial osteoarthritis of the knee.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (BR) 1991; 73-b: 582-6.

Willis-Owen, CA, Brust, K, Alsop, A, Miraldo, M, and Cobb, JP. “Unicondylar knee arthroplasty in the UK National Health Service: An analysis of candidacy, outcome into cost efficacy.” The Knee 2009; Vol. 16: 473-478.

-UKA rated better than TKA. Range of motion in UKA patients is better. By x-ray criteria 47% definitely were uni candidate, but overall 77% possible candidates.

Winder, RP, Severson, EP, Trousdale, RK, Pagnano, MW, Wood-Wentz, CM, and Sierra, RJ. “No difference in 90-day complications between bilateral unicompartmental and total knee arthroplasty.” Tha American Journal of Orthopaedics February 2012: e30-e33.

-This study compares 90-day complications in two small groups of patients- one undergoing simultaneous UKA vs. bilateral TKA. The bilateral UKA group had shorter operative, shorter length of stay, and a similar rate of complications, which was quite small.


Bigliani LH, Morrison DS, April EW:  The morphology of the acromion and its relationship to rotator cuff tears.  Ortho Transactions, 1986;10:228.

Burkhead Jr, WZ:  The Biceps Tendon. (Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 1990. The Shoulder, Chpt 20, pp. 791-836).

Calvert PT, et. al.:  Arthrography of the shoulder after operative repair of the torn rotator cuff.  J Bone & Joint Surg, 1986;68B 1:147-150.

Crymble, B. “Brachial Neuralgia and the Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.”  British Journal of Medicine, Vol. 3, 470-451, 1968. 

Edelson JG, Taitz C:  Anatomy of the coraco-acromial arch; relation to degeneration of the acromion. J Bone & Joint Surg, 1992;74B-4:589-594.

Edelson JG:  The ‘hooked’ acromion revisited.  J Bone & Joint Surg, 1955;77B-2:284-287.

Gartsman G:  Arthroscopic acromioplasty for lesions of the rotator cuff.  J Bone & Joint Surg, 1990;72A-2:169-180

Ha’eri G, et. al.: Shoulder impingement syndrome: results of operative release.  Clinical Ortho & Related Research, 1982;168:128-132.

Kummel BM, Zazanis GA:  Shoulder pain as a presenting complaint in carpal tunnel syndrome.  Clinical Ortho & Related Research, 1973;92:227-230.

LaBan, Myron M., Zemenick, GA, and Meerschaert, JR. “Neck and Shoulder Pain:  Presenting Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.” Michigan Medicine, September 1975, pages 449-450. 

Matsen FA III, Harntz C: Subacromial impingement.  (Philadelphia, PA: Saunders 1990.  The Shoulder, Chpt 15, pp. 623-246).

MRI of rotator cuff tears.  MR Insights (Orange, CA: Alliance Imaging, Inc.), Vol. 4, No. 3, Fall 1994.

Neer CS II: Impingement lesions.  Clinical Ortho & Related Research,1983;173:70-77.

Neer CS II: Anterior acromioplasty for chronic impingement syndrome in the shoulder: a preliminary report.  J Bone & Joint Surg, 1972;54A:41.

Nirschl RP: Rotator cuff tendonitis: basic concepts of pathoetiology.  AAOS Instructional Course Lect., 1989;38:439-445.

Post M, Cohen J: Imipingement syndrome: a review of late stage II and early stage III lesions.  Clinical Ortho & Related Research, 1986;207:126-132.

Rathbun JB, Macnab I: The microvascular pattern of the rotator cuff.  J Bone & Joint Surg, 1970;52B-3:540-553.

Shoulder pain: rotator cuff tears.  Magnetic Resonance Update (Santa Cruz, CA: Dominican MRI Center) 1989.

Tibone JE, Jobe FW, Kerlan RK, et. al.: Shoulder impingement syndrome in athletes treated by anterior acromioplasty.  Clinical Ortho & Related Research, 1985;198:134-140.

Shoulder Pain From Nerve Entrapment (i.e. Carpal or Cubital Tunnel Syndrome)

Crymble, B. “Brachial Neuralgia and the Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.”  British Journal of Medicine, Vol. 3, 470-451, 1968. 

Kummel BM, Zazanis GA:  Shoulder pain as a presenting complaint in carpal tunnel syndrome.  Clinical Ortho & Related Research, 1973;92:227-230.

LaBan, Myron M., Zemenick, GA, and Meerschaert, JR. “Neck and Shoulder Pain:  Presenting Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.” Michigan Medicine, September 1975, pages 449-450. 

Tarsal Tunnel & Diabetic Neuropathy

Apelquist, J., Larsson, J., Agardh, C.D.  “Long-term prognosis for diabetic patients with foot ulcers.”  J. Intern. Med.  1993; 233:45-491.

Aszmann, O.A., Kress, K.M., Dellon, A.L.  “Results of decompression of peripheral nerves in diabetics:  a prospective blind study.”  Plast. Reconstr. Surg.  2001; 106:816-821.

Aszmann, O., Tassler, P.L., Dellon, A.L.  “Changing the natural history of diabetic neuropathy:  incidence of ulcer/amputation in the contralateral limb of patients with a unilateral nerve decompression procedure.”  Ann. Plast. Surg.  2004; 53:517-522.

Biddinger, K.R., Amend, K.A.  “The role of surgical decompression for diabetic neuropathy.”  Foot Ankle Clin. North Am.  2004; 9:239-254.

Boulton, A.J.M., Arezzo, J.C., Malik, R.A., et al.  “Diabetic somatic neuropathies.”  Diabetes Care.  2004; 27:1458-1486.

Boulton, A.J.M., Kersner, R.S., Vileikyte, L.  “Neuropathic diabetic foot ulcers.”  
N. Engl. J. Med.  2004; 351:48-55.

Chafee, H.  “Decompression of the peripheral nerve for diabetic neuropathy.”  Plast. Reconstr. Surg.  2000; 106:813-815.

DCCT Research Group.  “The effect of intensive diabetes therapy on measures of autonomic nervous system function in the Diabetes Control & Complications Trial (DCCT).”  Diabetologia.  1998; 41:416.

Dellon, A.L.  “Treatment of symptoms of diabetic neuropathy by peripheral nerve decompression.”  Plast. Reconstr. Surg.  1992; 89:689-697.

Dellon, A. Lee., Lee, Kathy.  “Prognostic ability of Tinel’s sign in determining outcome for decompressive surgery in diabetic and nondiabetic neuropathy.”  Ann. Plast. Surg.  2004: 53;523-527

Faglia, E., Favales, F., Morabito, A.  “New ulceration, new major amputation, and survival rates in diabetic subjects hospitalized for foot ulceration from 1990-1993.”  Diabetes Care.  2001; 24:78-83.

Frykbert, R.G.  “Epidemiology of the diabetic foot:  ulcerations and amputation.”  Adv. Wound Care.  1999; 12:139.

Matricali, G.A., Deroo, K., Dereymaeker, G.  “Outcome and recurrence rate of diabetic foot ulcers treated by a total contact cast:  short-term follow-up.”  Foot Ankle Int.  2003; 24:680-684.

Moss, S.E., et al.  “The prevalence and incidence of lower extremity amputation in a diabetic population.”  Arch. Intern. Med.  1992; 152:610-616.

Olendorf, D., et al.  “Potential economic benefits of lower-extremity amputation prevention strategies in diabetes.”  Diabetes Care.  1998; 21:1240-1245.

Palumbo, J.P., et al.  “Peripheral vascular disease in diabetes.”  N: Harris, M., Jamman, R., eds.  Diabetes in America, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1985; XV:1-21.

Paola, L.E., Clerici, G., Faglia, F., et al.  “Ulcer recurrence along first rate amputation in diabetic patients, a cohort prospective study.”  Diabetes Care.  2003; 26:1874-1878.

Pecoraro, R.E., et al.  “Past ways to diabetic limb amputation:  basis for prevention.”  Diabetes Care.  1990; 13:513-521.

Resnick, H.E., et al.  “Diabetes mellitus and nontraumatic lower extremity amputations in black and white Americans:  The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Epidemiology Follow-Up Study, 1971-1992.”  Arch. Intern. Med. 1999; 159:2470.

Tambweker, S.R.  “Extended neurolysis of the posterior tibial nerve to improve sensation in diabetic neuropathic feet.”  Plast. Reconstr. Surg.  2001; 108:1452-1453.

Wieman, T.J., Patel, V.G.  “Treatment of hyperesthetic neuropathic pain in diabetics:  decompression of the tarsal tunnel.”  Ann. Surg.  1995; 221:660-665.

Wood, W.A., Wood, M.A.  “Decompression of peripheral nerve for diabetic neuropathy in the lower extremity.”  J. Foot Ankle Surg.  2003; 42:268-275. 

Tennis Elbow

Baker, et al., Journal of Shoulder & Elbow Surgery, 2000. 

Baumgard, S.H., Schwartz, D.R. "Percutaneous release of the epicondylar muscles for humeral epicondylitis."  Am. J. Sports Med., 1982; 10:233-236.

Dunkow, P.D. et al. "Functional outcome was better after percutaneous surgery than after open formal release for tennis elbow."  JBJS British, July 2004; 86:701-704. 

Grundberg, A.B., Dobson, Jeanine F. "Percutaneous release of the common extensor origin for tennis elbow."  Clinical Orthopaedics-Related Research, July 2000; 376:137-140.

Kaplan, E.B. "Treatment of tennis elbow (epicondylitis) by denervation."  JBJS; Jan. 1959;41A:1. 

King, et al., Journal of Hand Surgery, 2009.

Nirschel, R. P. and Kraushaar, B. S. “Tendinosis of the Elbow (Tennis Elbow)” JBJS; Feb 1999; 81-A, No. 2; 259-277.

Owens, et al., Arthroscopy, 2000.

Wilhelm, A. "Tennis elbow:  treatment of resistant cases by denervation."  Journal of Hand Surgery British, 1996; 21B:4:523-533.

Yerger, B., Turner, T. "Percutaneous extensor tenotomy for chronic tennis elbow:  an office procedure."  Orthopaedics, Oct. 1985; 8:10:1261-1263.

Yoon, et al., Arthroscopy, July 2015, Volume 31. 

Thumb Arthritis

Amadio P, Millender L, Smith R:  Silicone spacer or tendon spacer for trapezium resection arthroplasty -comparison of results.  J Hand Surg 1982; 7:237.

Calandruccio J, Jobe R:  Arthroplasty of the thumb carpometacarpal joint.  Seminars in Arthroplasty 1997: 135-147.

Badger E:  Arthrodesis of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb.  J Bone Joint Surg 1964; 46B:16.

Bunnell S:  Surgery of the Hand: 3rd Edition, Philadelphia J.B. Lippincott Co. 1956; 823.

Bossley CJ:  Basal osteotomy of the first metacarpal for osteoarthritis of the first carpal metacarpal joint. J Bone Joint Surg 1981; 63B:468.

Brase DW, Millander LH:  Failure of silicone rubber wrist arthroplasty in rheumatoid arthritis.  J Hand Surg 1986; 1A:175.

Burton R, Pellegrini VD:  Surgical management of basal joint arthritis of the thumb Part II.  Ligament reconstruction with tendon interposition arthroplasty.  J Hand Surg 1986; 11A:324.

Carroll RE, Hill NA:  Arthrodesis of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb.  J Bone Surg 1973; 55B:292.

Carter PR, Benton LJ, Dysert PA:  Silicone rubber carpal implants: a study of the incidence of late osseous complications.  J Hand Surg 1986; 11A:639.

Dell PC, Brushart TM, Smith RJ:  Treatment of trapeziometacarpal arthritis: results of resection arthroplasty. J Hand Surg 1978; 3:243.

Eaton RG:  Replacement of the trapezium for arthritis of the basal articulations.  A new technique with stabilization of tenodesis.  J Bone Joint Surg 1979; 61A:76.

Eaton RG, Glickel SZ, Littler JW:  Tendon interposition arthroplasty for degenerative arthritis of the trapeziometacarpal joint of the thumb.  J Hand Surg 1985; 10A:645.

Eaton RG, Littler JW:  A study of the basal joint of the thumb: treatment of its disabilities by fusion.  J Bone Joint Surg 1969; 51A:661.

Eiken O, Carstam N:  Functional assessment of basal joint fusion of the thumb.  Scand J Plast Rec Surg 1983; 53:219.

Florack T et al:  The prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome in patients with basal joint arthritis of the thumb. J Hand Surg 1992; 17A:624-630.

Gervis WH:  Excision of the trapezium for osteoarthritis of the trapeziometacarpal joint.  J Bone Joint Surg 1949: 31B:540.

Gervis WH:  A review of excision of the trapezium for osteoarthritis of the trapeziometacarpal joint after twenty-five years.  J Bone Joint Surg 1973; 55B:56.

Gordon ML, Bullough PG:  Synovial and osseous inflammation in failed silicone rubber prostheses.  J Bone  Joint Surg 1982; 64A:574.

Graber-Duvernay JB, Graber-Duvernay JL:  Remarques sur la rhizarthrose du pouce (d’apres 500 observations).  Rev Lyon Med 1970; 19:209.

Haffajee D:  Endoprosthetic replacement of the trapezium for arthrosis of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb.  J Hand Surg 1977; 2:141-148.

Haraldsson S:  Extirpation of the trapezium for osteoarthritis of the first carpometacarpal joint of the thumb. Acta Orthop Scand 1972; 43:347.

Iyer KM:  The results of excision of the trapezium: 26 cases of excisional arthroplasty.  Hand 1981; 3:246.

Menon J, Schoene HR, Hohl JC:  Trapeziometacarpal arthritis.  Results of tendon interpositional arthroplasty. J Hand Surg 1981; 6:442-446.

Murley AH:  Excision of the trapezium in osteoarthritis of the first carpal metacarpal joint.  J Bone Joint Surg 1960; 42B:502.

Pallegrini V, Burton R:  Surgical management of basal joint arthritis of the thumb.  Part 1: Long-term results of silicone implant arthroplasty.   J Hand Surg 1986; 11A.

Swanson A:  Trapezium implant arthroplasty.  J Hand Surg 1981; 6A:125-141.

Swanson A, Swanson G, DeHeer D, Pierce T, Randall K, Smith J, VanGorp C:  Carpal bone titanium implant arthroplasty.  Clinical Ortho 1997; 342:46-58.          

Thompson TC:  Surgical treatment of trapeziometacarpal arthrosis.  Advances in Ortho Surg 1986; 105-120.

Varley GW, et al:  Excision of the trapezium for osteoarthritis at the base of the thumb.  J Bone Joint Surg ;76B,6; 964-968.

Weilby A, Sondorf J:  Results following removal of silicone trapezium metacarpal implants.  J Hand Surg 1978; 3:154.

Wilson JN:  Basal osteotomy of the first metacarpal in the treatment of  arthritis of the carpometacarpal of the thumb.  British J Surg 1973; 60:854-58.

Wilson JN, Bossley CJ:  Osteotomy in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the first carpal metacarpal joint.  J Bone Joint Surg 1983; 65B, 2:179-181.

Trigger Digit & de Quervain's

Anderson, Bruce Carl, et al, “Treatment of de Quervain’s tenosynovitis with corticosteroids.” Arthritis and Rheumatism, Vol. 34, No. 7, July 1991, pp. 793-798.

Badalamente, M.A., “Pathobiology of the Human A1 Pulley in Trigger Finger.” The Journal of Hand Surery, Vol. 16A, 1991, pp. 714-721.

Bishop, A.T., “Extensor Triggering in de Quervain’s Stenosing Tenosynovitis.” The Journal of Hand Surgery. Vol. 24A, 1999, pp. 1311-1314.

Dinham, J.M., Meggitt, B.F., “Trigger thumbs in children: a review of the natural history and indications for treatment in 105 patients.” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Vol. 56B, No 1, 1974, pp. 153-155.

Doyle, J.R., Blythe, W.F., “The finger flexor tendon sheath and pulley: anatomy and reconstruction.” AAOS Symposium on Tendon Surgery in the Hand, St. Louis, 1975. The C.B. Mosby Company, pp. 81-87.

Doyle, J.R., “Anatomy of the Flexor Tendon Sheath and Pulleys of the Thumb.”, The Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 2, 1977, pp. 149-151.

Eastwood, D.M., Gupta, K.J., Johnson, D.P., “Percutaneous Release of Trigger Finger: An Office Prodedure.” Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 17A, 1992, pp. 114-117.

Ezaki, M., “Trigger Finger in Children.”, The Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 24A, 1999, pp. 1156-1161.

Fulcher SM, Hill, J.J.; “An Analysis of Patients with Multiple Trigger Digits.” [Poster] 56th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Surgery of the Hand Oct. 4, 2001, Seattle, WA.

Gray, R.G. and Gottlieb, N.L., “Hand flexor tenosynovitis in rheumatoid arthritis: prevalence, distribution, and associated rheumatic features.” Arthritis and Rheumatism, Vol. 20, No. 4, 1970, pp. 103-108.

Griggs, S.M., “Treatment of Trigger Finger in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus.” The Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 20, 1995, pp. 787-789.

Harvey, Francis J., et al, “deQuervain’s disease: surgical and non-surgical treatment.” Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 15A, No. 1, January 1990, pp. 83-87. (Diagram 4).

Hoffmann, R., “Open Versus Percutaneous Release of the A1-Pulley for Stenosing Tendovaginitis: A Prospective Randomized Trial.”, Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery, Vol. 12, 2008, pp. 183-187.

Hollander, J.L., et al, “Hydrocortisone and cortisone injected into arthritic joints, comparative effects of and use of the hydrocortisone as a local anti-arthritic.” JAMA, Vol. 147, 1951, pp. 1629-1635.

Jackson, W.T., et al, “Anatomical variations of the first extensor compartment of the wrist: a clinical and anatomical study.” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Vol. 68A, No. 6, July 1986, pp. 923-926.

Lane, L.B., “Commentary: Percutaneous Release of the First Annular Pulley.” The Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 20, 1995, pp. 785-786.

Lapidus, P.W., “Stenosing tenovaginitis.” Surgical Clinics of North America, Vol. 33, 1953, pp. 1317*1347.

Lubahn, J., “Complications of Open Trigger Finger Release.”, The Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 35A, 2010, pp. 594-596.

Medl, W.T., “Tendonitis, tenosynovitis, trigger fingers, and deQuervain’s disease.” Orthopaedic Clinic of North America, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1970, pp. 375-382.

Otto, N., Wehby, M., et al, “Steroid injections for tenosynovitis in the hand.” Orthopaedic Review, Vol. 15, No. 5, May 1986.

Patel, M.R., Bassini, L., “Trigger fingers and thumb: when to splint, inject or operate” Journal of Hand Surgery Vol. 17A, No. 1, Jan. 1992, pp. 110-113.

Patel, M.R., “Percutaneous Release of Trigger Digit With and Without Cortisone Injection.” The Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 22A, 1997, 150-155.

Peimer, C.A., “Release of the Sixth Dorsal Compartment.” The Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 19A, 1994, pp. 599-601.

Pratt, H.L., Bunnell, S., “Use of compound F (hydrocortisone in op) in operative and non-operative conditions of the hand.” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Vol. 35, 1953, pp. 94-102.

Roth, J.H., “Percutaneous A1 Pulley Release: A Cadaveric Study.” The Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 20A, 1995, 781-784.

Sampson, S.P., et al, “Pathobiology of human A-1 pulley in trigger finger.” Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 16A, 1991, pp. 714-721.

Tanaka, J., “Percutaneous Trigger Finger Release.”, Techniques in Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery, Vol. 3, 1999, pp. 52-57.

Weilby, A., “Trigger finger: incidence in children and adults and the possibility of a predisposition in certain age groups.” Acta Orthopaedics Scandinavia, Vol. 41, 1970, pp. 419-427.

Weiss, A.C., “Treatment of De Quervain’s Disease.” The Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 19A, 1994, pp. 595-598.

Witczak, J.W., “Triggering of the Thumb with de Quervain’s Stenosing Tendovaginitis.” The Journal of Hand Surgery, Vol. 15, 1990, pp. 265-268.

Witt,J. “Treatment of de Quervain Tenosynovitis: A Prospective Study of the Results of Injection of Steroids and Immobilization in a Splint.” Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, Vol. 73, 1991, pp. 219-222

Woods, T.H.E., “deQuervain’s disease: a plea for early operation: a report on 40 cases.” British Journal of Surgery, Vol. 51, No. 5, May 1964, pp. 358-359.

Ulnar Wrist Pain

Allan CH, Joshi A, Lichtman DM: Kienböck’s disease: diagnosis and treatment. Am Academy Ortho Surg 2001; 9:128-136.

Bain GI, Pugh MW, MacDermid JC, Roth JH: Matched hemiresection interposition arthroplasty of the distal radioulnar joint. J Hand Surg 1995; 20A:944-950.

Begley BW, Engber WD: Proximal row carpectomy in advanced Kienböck’s disease.

Chidgey LK: The distal radioulnar joint: problems and solutions. J Am Acad Ortho Surg 1995; 3:95-109.

Constantine KJ, Tomaino MM, Herndon JH, Sotereanos DG:  Comparison of ulnar shortening osteotomy and the wafer resection procedure as treatment for ulnar impaction syndrome. J Hand Surg 2000; 25A:55-60.

DiBenedetto MR, Lubbers LM, Coleman CR: Long-term results of the minimal resection Darrach procedure. J Hand Surg 1991; 16A:445-450.

Hulsizer D, Weiss A-PC, Akelman E: Ulna-shortening osteotomy after failed arthroscopic debridement of the triangular fibrocartilage complex. J Hand Surg 1997; 22A:694-698.

Kirschenbaum D, Coyle MP, Leddy JP: Chronic lunotriquetral instability: diagnosis and treatment. J Hand Surg 1993; 18A:1107-1112.

Minami A, Kato H: Ulnar shortening for triangular fibrocartilage complex tears associated with ulnar positive variance. J Hand Surg 1998; 23A:904-908.

Osterman AL: Arthroscopic debridement of triangular fibrocartilage complex tears. J Arthro Related Surg 1990; 6(2):120-124.

Palmer AK: Triangular fibrocartilage disorders: injury patterns and treatment. J Arthro Related Surg 1990; 6(2):125-132.

Palmer AK, Werner FW, Glisson RR, Murphy DJ: Partial excision of the triangular fibrocartilage complex. J Hand Surg 1988; 13A;403-406.

Palmer AK, Werner FW: The triangular fibrocartilage complex of the wrist - anatomy and function. J Hand Surg 1981; 6(2):153-162.

Pin PG, Young VL, Gilula LA, Weeks PM: Management of chronic lunotriquetral ligament tears. J Hand Surg 1998; 14A:77-83.

Richman JA, Gelberman RH, Rydevik BL et al. Carpal tunnel syndrome: morphologic changes after release of transverse carpal ligament. J Hand Surg 1989; 14A:852-857.

Shin AY, Sheetz KK, Bishop AT, Berger RA: Vascularized pedicled bone grafts from the distal radius: technique and results of treatment for scaphoid nonunion and Kienböck’s disease. Mayo Clinic 1997.

Simmons SP, Tobias B, Lichtman DM: Lunate revascularization with artery implantation and bone grafting.  J Hand Surg 2009; 34A:155-160.

Tomaino MM:  The importance of the pronated grip x-ray view in evaluating ulnar variance. J Hand Surg 2000; 25A:352-357.

Watanabe T, Takahara M, Tsuchida H, Yamahara S, Kikuchi N, Ogino T: Long-term follow-up of radial shortening osteotomy for Kienböck’s disease. JBJS Am  2008; 90:1705-1711.

Patient Satisfaction with treatments for Dupuytren's Disease

Collagenase rather than Surgery - that is the question

Computers and CTS - Is there an association?

Review of a recent study on the use of computers and the development of carpal tunnel syndrome.

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